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"Showing the Light to the Filipinos"
From 1898 to 1902, the United States waged a bloody war in the Philippines. Filipinos wanted independence from centuries of Spanish colonial rule. U.S. leaders, however, saw the opportunity to control the Philippines and gain access to markets in [...]
A Senator Speaks in Support of Empire (short version)
In this 1900 speech to Congress, the Republican Senator from Indiana, Albert J. Beveridge, strongly advocates the annexation of the Philippines. The term Malay refers to people from the Malay Peninsula, the Maylay Archipelago, and nearby islands in [...]
"Members of Uncle Sam's Infant Class--Igorotte Filipinos, Igorotte Village, World's Fair, St. Louis, U.S.A., 1905"
Stereographic photographs were common souvenirs sold at the World’s Fairs. At the 1904 St. Louis World’s Fair, the Philippine village attracted hundreds of thousands of visitors. The U.S. government’s Bureau of Insular Affairs, which oversaw [...]
"Domestic Arts of the Bagobos Women, in the Philippine Village, St. Louis World's Fair, 1904"
The Philippine Village exhibition at the 1904 St. Louis World’s Fair included over one thousand Filipino men and women, many from indigenous tribes who were displayed in several “villages.” The Philippine Reservation promoters [...]
"Filipinos Are Preposterously Misrepresented"
This newspaper article from the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, provided one of the few opportunities for a Filipino to address a U.S. audience about the Philippine Reservation exhibit at the 1904 World’s Fair. The article extensively quotes Vicente [...]
Advance of Kansas Volunteers at Caloocan
Motion pictures were still a novelty at the outbreak of the Philippine War, but film’s ability to generate patriotism and public interest in the war encouraged early filmmakers to produce a number of war films. Several cameramen went to the [...]
Active Viewing: Savage Acts
This activity is designed to help students understand key ideas from the documentary film Savage Acts: Wars, Fairs, and Empire 1898-1904. The film is divided into short segments with suggested viewing strategies and questions to keep students [...]
A Senator Speaks in Support of Empire (short version with text supports)
In this 1900 speech to Congress, the Republican Senator from Indiana, Albert J. Beveridge, strongly calls for the United States to annex the Philippines.
William Jennings Bryan Speaks Out Against Imperialism (with text supports)
William Jennings Bryan was the Democratic party candidate for President in 1900. He opposed U.S. expansion into the Philippines and often criticized U.S. imperialism in his speeches during and after the 1900 campaign.
Savage Acts excerpt
This short excerpt is from ASHP/CML's 30-minute documentary Savage Acts: Wars, Fairs, and Empire 1898-1904. Savage Acts links the pageantry of world's fairs to the story of the Philippine War, America’s first attempt to claim an [...]