Social History for Every Classroom


Social History for Every Classroom

menuAmerican Social History Project  ·    Center for Media and Learning

  • Historical Eras > Industrialization and Expansion (1877-1913) (x)

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The Brooklyn Eagle Defends Some Kinds of Child Labor

In this 1902 editorial, the Brooklyn Eagle describes the conditions that require some children to work for wages to support their families.

"The Strike"

Painter and lithographer Robert Koehler emigrated to the U.S. from Germany with his parents—a skilled machinist and a sewing teacher—when he was four years old. Koehler painted The Strike in 1886 while living in Munich, and drew on [...]

A Chinese Immigrant Tells of Labor in a New Land (shortened, with text supports)

Since their arrival in the United States in the 1850s, Chinese immigrants confronted social, political, and economic discrimination. Many Americans believed that the Chinese posed a threat to white workers and should not be eligible for citizenship. [...]

Active Viewing: Becoming American: The Chinese Experience

In this activity, students watch short clips of the PBS/A Bill Moyers Special production of Becoming American: The Chinese Experience (2003). The documentary clips and accompanying materials cover the arrival of Chinese in California, their work on [...]

Chart of Money Shown by Immigrants on Admission to the United States, 1905-1909

Immigration officials asked each new immigrant to report how much money they had. The purpose of the question was to determine whether the immigrant had enough money to reach his or her destination. Officials also wanted to deny admission to anyone [...]

Graph of Percentage of Teens Ages 14-18 Enrolled in School, 1910

Many immigrant teenagers dropped out of school in order to work. Teenage workers often gave their wages to their parents, in order to help pay for their families’ rent, food, and clothing. Teenagers worked in the same types of jobs as their [...]

Graphs of Immigrant Household Relationships by Gender and Ethnicity, 1910

Ellis Island immigrants lived in all sorts of arrangements. If people immigrated by themselves, it was common for them to live as boarders, paying rent, to someone else. Taking in boarders was an important source of income for other immigrant [...]

Graphs of Comparison of School Enrollment by Age, Gender, and Immigrant Group, 1910

The 1910 census counted how many children were enrolled in school (both public and parochial). Studies show that second generation American children (children of immigrants) were more likely to be enrolled in school than immigrant children. Whether [...]

Charts of Immigrants' Connections in the United States, 1908-1909

Immigrants entering the United States told officials whether they were coming to join friends, relatives, or neither. If “neither”, it probably indicated that the person did not know anyone in the United States when he or she arrived. [...]

Charts of Immigrants by Nationality and Gender, 1899-1910

Between 1880 and 1930, an estimated 27 million people immigrated to the United States; 20 million came through Ellis Island. This chart shows the arrival of the ten largest immigrant groups compared to overall immigration during the first decade of [...]

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