Social History for Every Classroom


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Mexican Refugees Flee to Texas

In January 1914, the town of Ojinaga in northern Mexico was the site of a battle between the forces of Pancho Villa and those loyal to Mexican president Victoriano Huerta. This photo depicts refugees from the fighting making the sixty-mile journey to Marfa, in Texas. Refugees such as these made up a large portion of early twentieth-century Mexican immigration to the southwestern United States.

Mexican Refugees Going to Marfa
Source | Unknown photographer, "Mexican refugees going to Marfa," Bain News Service, c. 1914, George Grantham Bain Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division,
Creator | Bain News Service
Item Type | Photograph
Cite This document | Bain News Service, “Mexican Refugees Flee to Texas,” SHEC: Resources for Teachers, accessed February 27, 2024,

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